Tips for paying for health care in retirement
Before you start, keep this in mind: Figuring out when you can retire isn’t predominantly driven by your savings; rather, it’s driven by your expenses. Determining the income you need each year to support your lifestyle is important, as well as estimating your future health care costs and insurance options.
Fortunately, you have several options to choose from based on your individual situation.
Employer-sponsored health insurance for retirees
Your school district may offer the option to continue your health insurance coverage as you enter retirement. If so, be clear on what is actually offered and their approach on covering premiums for spouses/partners/dependents. Rising costs are leading many employers to change the retiree benefits they offer, so approach with some caution and be sure you have enough flexibility to go with the changes.
Health savings account (HSA)
An HSA is a tax-advantaged account to help people save for medical expenses that high-deductible health plans don’t cover. Your district may offer this in lieu of employer-sponsored insurance after retirement.
COBRA typically extends your current employer-sponsored plan for up to 18 months after you retire. It can be quite expensive. You may be able to use funds from an HSA to pay for premiums.
Affordable Care Act
This public market place for insurance varies in cost by age, state, insurer, plan level, and year. Depending on your income, you may qualify for subsidies.
This is often significantly more expensive than the public exchange, but it may be preferable if you have the resources or specific medical needs. Be careful not to miss the open enrollment period.
Spousal health plan
If your spouse is still working, they may be able to enroll you in their plan, which can be the easiest and most cost effective option. Be sure to talk together about the timing of your retirement and the possibility of other options to bridge the gap.
Some retirees choose to work part-time for the insurance, which can still give you flexibility and plenty of time off depending on the job.
In general, plan for escalating costs over time. Health care costs are anticipated to rise by an average of 5.5% per year over the next decade (CMS). Invest in healthy habits to help you enjoy life and make living more affordable.
Consider whether early retirement is worth cutting back on enjoyable lifestyle expenses in order to pay for health care costs—there is no wrong answer, but it’s important to understand the costs and benefits.
Coffee or Savings
Take a look and see what saving $20/month could do for your savings goals with our infographic demonstrating the power of compound interest!
If you would like to download a PDF of the infographic, click on the image.
This infographic and these calculations are for informational purposes only and is not intended to constitute legal, financial, or tax advice. Certain recommendations or guidelines may not be appropriate for everyone. Consult your personal advisor or attorney for advice specific to your unique circumstances before taking action. Your actual situation may be different from the value shown here. This example uses a projected interest rate of 6% for illustrative purposes only. No guarantees are expressed or implied. Results will vary depending upon the actual rate used in the calculation. Over time, the results of any investment will fluctuate and are not guaranteed.
The 403(b) retirement program is offered by the WEA TSA Trust. TSA program registered representatives are licensed through WEA Investment Services, Inc., member FINRA. All advisory services are offered through WEA Financial Advisors, Inc., a registered investment advisor.
Expecting a tax refund from Uncle Sam this year? According to the IRS, the average 2019 tax refund for those who received one was $2,833—a significant chunk of change.
If you do receive a refund this year, consider using it to improve your financial situation. Here are six great suggestions.
1. Pay off debt
Credit-card loans crossed the $1 trillion mark this year, reaching $1.08 trillion in the third quarter of 2019 (debt.org). Paying off outstanding bills has many benefits—it improves your credit score, reduces stress, and increases your financial security. Focus on paying off credit cards and other high interest debt.
2. Add to your retirement savings
Add to your current retirement savings plan or open an IRA. You may make contributions before tax (Traditional), after tax (Roth), or some combination of the two up to the IRA limit.
Unsure of which one to choose? Use our IRA comparison tool to determine what may be right for you.
3. Buy more coverage
Umbrella insurance, which provides liability coverage above the limits in your auto and home insurance policies, is often overlooked as an important part of your financial security. You can purchase $1 million or more of additional liability coverage very economically.
Long-term care insurance also helps protect your assets and may be worth a look. It has been called “the greatest uninsured financial risk today.” This is because the majority of costs for extended care services needed during recuperation from strokes, accidents, and illnesses are not covered by your health insurance or Medicare. The chances of needing long-term care usually increase as you age, but long-term care may be needed at any age.
4. Save, save, save
Start an Edvest or other 529 college savings plan for your kids or grandkids. Build up an emergency fund. Start a money market account with a higher interest rate to save for a vacation, a new car, or home remodel. Whatever your goal, you’ll feel better knowing you have a head start on your savings. Our savings calculator can help you understand what it will take to reach your goal.
5. Share the wealth
Consider giving some or all of your refund to your favorite charity. Often monetary donations to charitable organizations are tax deductible, and you’ll feel good knowing your money will go toward helping others in need. WEA Member Benefits Foundation supports public schools and is one way you can give back.
6. Open a Personal Investment Account
A Member Benefits Personal Investment Account offers a way to invest your money outside of a retirement account. It is an alternative to cash accounts such as savings, checking or certificates of deposit and can be registered in your name or opened jointly with anyone. There may also be tax advantages to these types of investments.
Finally, if you received a sizeable tax refund this year, you may want to consider adjusting your income tax withholding. Doing this will reduce your annual refund, but you will be taking home more money each paycheck instead of letting Uncle Sam hold on to it (interest free).
What’s your financial vision for 2020?
Improving one’s finances is one of the top ten most popular resolutions in the U.S. Here are a few tips and resources to help you take charge of your financial future.
Take a look at where your money is going.
Start by listing your expenses and categorizing them as either a necessary or a discretionary expense. Necessary expenses are things like rent or mortgage, car payment, gas and electric, and groceries. Discretionary spending includes dining out, specialty coffee drinks, or other kinds of entertainment.
To get a good handle on your spending, you may need to track your expenses for several months. Using our online budget worksheet or other online service may be helpful.
Once you understand where your money is going, it will be easier to start making changes. Redirect the money you save by eliminating discretionary expenses to pay down debt. After your debt is under control, funnel that amount into savings. Build up an emergency savings fund for unexpected expenses and make a plan to save for retirement.
To make a big impact on your household budget, look at your biggest expenses—typically housing and transportation. Many financial professionals recommend that people spend no more than 28 percent of their gross monthly income on housing expenses and no more than 36 percent on total debt. If your housing costs are out of whack, it may be time to consider a move. Driving a more economical car or eliminating an extra vehicle can also save you a substantial amount.
Plan for your future.
Open a 403(b) or IRA. You don’t have to start with a lot—the important thing is to just start. If you already have an account, pledge to increase your contributions, even if it’s just a little bit. Compound interest can help you build that nest egg over time. Check with your school district on when you can make changes to your 403(b) salary reduction agreement.
We make it easy to get started…just visit our Learning Center and you’ll find helpful articles, brochures, eBooks, calculators, and more.
As always, if you have questions, we’re here to help. Give us a call at 1-800-279-4030.
Freshen up your financial knowledge
Build a budget
A budget sets the groundwork for sprucing up your finances. Think of it as a road map for managing your money or a tool that helps you make smarter decisions as you track your monthly expenses.
Not only does it help ensure you’ll have money for the things you need and that are important to you, but having a spending plan can also help keep you out of debt (or work your way out of it).
In simple terms, a budget compares what’s coming in with what’s going out. And it’s not just for those who need to closely monitor their money—even people with large paychecks and lots of money in the bank can benefit too.
Why have a budget?
- It helps maximize your savings and investments, allowing you to make sure your hard-earned money is being used to its best purpose.
- You’ll be better prepared in case of an emergency such as a job loss, major health crisis, or extensive home repair.
- You can build in a plan to pay off debt.
- It gives you some room to splurge. That may sound counterintuitive, but having a budget can “give you permission” to buy those concert tickets or celebrate at that nice restaurant by tracking your expenses and building in an amount you choose for the fun spending.
- It can help you clarify your short- and long-term savings goals. Long-term financial goals are often too easy to put off for later. For example, depending on your age, saving for retirement may seem a long way off. However, a budget can help you discover a way to fit it in, even if it’s just a small amount at first. Starting earlier than later gives you a huge advantage by utilizing the power of compound earnings (see next page).
- You’ll be less likely to spend money you don’t have. Before credit cards, people knew easily whether or not they were living within their means. But in 2017, the average American had a credit card balance of $6,375, up 3% from the year before (Experian). Those who don’t pay attention and overuse their credit cards may not realize they’re overspending until they’re weighed down with debt.
Budgets are not just about saving and spending. One important aspect of your financial health is protecting yourself from loss with appropriate insurance coverage. We can help you assess what you need.
You don’t need to be a math whiz to create and maintain a budget. Spreadsheets and online software can take care of the calculations for you. Do a search for software online, create your own spreadsheet, or go old school with a ledger—whatever works for you.
Stick with it
The point of a budget is to give you more financial freedom, not less. If you find yourself having a hard time following a budget, follow these tips:
- Keep your future top of mind and remember how your budget will help you get where you want to be.
- Make it more difficult to impulse buy. Take yourself off of retailer e-mail lists and remove your stored payment information online so you can’t just click to order.
- Find a like-minded friend or online budgeting forum to help keep you accountable.
- Use cash more often—swiping a card is less “real.”
- Reward yourself once in a while with something you enjoy.
- Educate yourself by exploring the financial resources on our website or attending one of our free financial seminars.
Creating a budget is not a “one and done” project. Once you’ve built your budget, review it regularly and make adjustments because life changes…just like the seasons.
Save for your future
Saving for retirement should be at the top of your list of long-term budget goals.
While Wisconsin public school employees are fortunate to have the Wisconsin Retirement System (WRS), WRS is not enough. And don’t count on Social Security to fill in the gap. On average, Social Security payments make up only about 14%–28% of retirement income for those who receive WRS. To build a secure retirement, you need three things: WRS, Social Security, and your personal savings.
Personal savings options
You can save with a 403(b) through your district, and if eligible, you can also open an Individual Retirement Account (IRA). With an IRA, and sometimes with the 403(b), you can choose between a pretax or Roth account (see below).
If your employer (or your spouse’s employer) offers a match in your 403(b) plan, take it. It’s free money. Added bonus: The match effectively increases your income without increasing your tax bill, since you pay no taxes on matching contributions until you withdraw them in retirement.
Most Wisconsin public school employees can expect their retirement income to come from:
Wisconsin Retirement System
Start sooner than later
The earlier you start, the more you can benefit from compound earnings. Compounding is when earnings on your investments are reinvested in your account. The reinvested earnings may also have earnings, and then those earnings are reinvested, and so on. This means that contributing a small amount now could benefit you more in the long run than any larger amount you contribute later on. Even modest monthly contributions can grow to several hundred thousand dollars over three or four decades.
Make it automatic
If you have an IRA, making contributions directly from your savings or checking account will make it much easier to save. With Member Benefits, you can set up SmartPlan, or you can use payroll deduction if your district offers it.
If you haven’t started saving for retirement yet, give us a call. We can help you open an account or simply answer any questions you may have.
Brush up on investing terms
Now that you’ve decided to start saving for retirement, what do you need to know? Here are a few investing terms to familiarize yourself with.
Pretax vs. Roth (after-tax)
Traditional (pretax) accounts allow you to defer the taxes on your contributions and at the same time reduce your taxable income. The earnings grow tax-deferred but both the earnings and initial investment will be taxed when withdrawn.
Roth accounts allow for after-tax contributions. You pay taxes now in exchange for tax-free treatment of earnings on qualified withdrawals.
Having a variety of investments in your portfolio helps manage risk. Historically, it also yields higher returns as the positive performance of some investments offset the negative performance of others.
Before you consider any investment, you need to understand risk and determine your personal risk tolerance. Lower risk investments have averaged modest long-term historical returns. Higher-risk investments, such as large company, small company, and foreign stocks, have averaged higher returns historically, but with more volatility or fluctuation in value. Learn your risk tolerance by using our “What kind of investor are you?” calculator.
This is how you divide your money among stocks, bonds, and short-term reserves. The aim is to control risk by diversifying your portfolio. Your allocation should be based on your tolerance for risk.
The impact of fees over time on your IRA or 403(b) account can significantly reduce your nest egg. Pay attention to all of the costs, including plan fees and mutual fund expense ratios. Not all providers or funds charge the same fees. Visit weabenefits.com/fees to learn more.
Member Benefits’ investment options include plug-and-play options for those with less time or inclination to monitor their portfolio allocation, as well as do-it-yourself investing for a more hands on approach. Visit our investment choices page for more information.
April is National Financial Literacy Month
We love the national focus on financial literacy because it reinforces our belief that education is fundamental to the financial security of those we serve.
To help you achieve your financial goals, consider these resources that promote financial literacy in April and all year long.
Money Smart Week
Due to the COVID-19 situation, the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago has canceled the 2020 Money Smart Week campaign scheduled for April 4-11, 2020. They plan to have consumer-friendly resources highlighted on social media and through their website during the month of April.
Find financial information for your personal and professional use as an educator. You can also access a clearinghouse of federally-funded research reports, articles and datasets on financial topics.
Money Management International’s Thirty Steps to Financial Wellness
Offers a 30-step path to help you achieve financial wellness during the month of April. Includes budgeting tips, quizzes, information on how to save money, tools to track your income and expenses, and more.
Jump$tart Coalition for Personal Financial Literacy
A national coalition of organizations dedicated to improving the financial literacy of pre-kindergarten through college-age youth. It strives to prepare youth for life-long successful financial decision-making by providing advocacy, research standards, and educational resources. Click here for Wisconsin’s Jump$tart page.
Retirement Toolkit (PDF)
The Department of Labor, the Social Security Administration, and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services have collaborated to provide a list of publications and interactive tools to help in your retirement planning, plus information on how to contact them with specific questions.
Don’t forget to set up your financial consultation
Make an appointment for a financial planning service* with Member Benefits. Or call 1-800-279-4030. Summer appointments fill up fast.
*All investment advisory services are offered through WEA Financial Advisors, Inc. Consultation is free; however, if you choose to invest in the WEA Tax Sheltered Annuity or WEAC IRA program, fees will apply. Consider all expenses before investing. Must meet eligibility rules to participate. Family members may also be eligible. Call for details. Wisconsin residency required.
Beware of grant scams
Other times, it’s a phone call supposedly from a “government” agency or some other organization with an official sounding name. In either case, the claim is the same: your application for a grant is guaranteed to be accepted, and you’ll never have to pay the money back.
But the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the nation’s consumer protection agency, says that “money for nothing” grant offers usually are scams, whether you see them in your local paper or a national magazine, or hear about them on the phone or social media.
Your Friend is NOT Pitching Grant Scams on Facebook!
Wisconsin consumers are reporting a grant scam that uses Facebook Messenger to transmit phony pitches for free money. Messages look like they are coming from friends, but they are not.
The messages state that the consumer’s name appeared on a list as being eligible to receive grant money, and that the consumer will receive thousands of dollars in grant funds after paying a fee. The consumer is encouraged to contact a company via an email address or phone number that is provided.
Wisconsin Farmers Targets for Grant Scam
Wisconsin farmers are receiving telephone calls about supposed grants from the “Federal Crop Registry.” Call recipients are left a message with a phone number to call and are told they have three days to respond to the offer. If you receive this message, take no further action.
This operation appears to be a scam:
- There is no “Federal Crop Registry” program.
- The number listed in the message is no longer in service.
- The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will not call you and offer grant money. While the USDA does provide grants, you must apply for them in writing (typically online).
When you lose a loved one…
While taking care of financial matters may be the last thing you want to think about, it is important to get started quickly to minimize any financial complications—or even the risk of fraud.
Here are some general guidelines to help make the process a little easier during this stressful transition.
Important documents to have
No matter what your level of wealth, generally both of you should have:
A will to set forth your wishes regarding the distribution of your property and care for any minor children when you die.
A power of attorney to designate an agent to act on your behalf on financial matters if you become incapacitated.
A health care directive and power of attorney to provide general healthcare instructions and choose who can make decisions for you if you become unable to.
Download “What to do when you lose a loved one” eBook
First things first
Within a week of a loved one passing, you will need to:
Order 10-25 death certificates from the county registrar, health department, or funeral director. You’ll need these for proof that your loved one has died. (While this has been cited as a recommended amount, you should consider what you need for your own circumstances. Some people need more, some much less.)
Alert your loved one’s employer (if they had one) and ask for information on death benefits, insurance polices, salary due, and retirement assets. Ask who the designated beneficiaries are on any retirement accounts.
If you are not the executor, notify that person and set up a time to discuss legal, financial, and tax issues.
Gather important documents. This includes wills, taxes, and other legal documents, financial statements, real estate documents, insurance policies, retirement account statements, employee benefits, birth and marriage certificates, Social Security information, and others. Find helpful information and a checklist by downloading our eBook, “What to do when you lose a loved one.”
What to do next
In the first weeks following the loss of your loved one, you’ll have a number a tasks ahead.
Review the legal and financial documents you’ve gathered, notify the companies involved of the death, file any life insurance claims, and follow through on any financial obligations.
Start doing your research.
- Find out what Social Security benefits are available to you and notify them if your loved one was receiving benefits.
- Understand your tax obligations with the IRS. You may want to work with a tax advisor.
- If your spouse was a public school employee or state worker, find out about possible spousal benefits from the Wisconsin Retirement System.
- Contact Medicare if your loved one was receiving benefits.
- If your spouse was a veteran, inquire about possible survivor benefits.
Claim joint assets. If you are a spouse, most assets are passed to you without approval from a probate court, but that’s not always the case. Rules for property titles can also vary by county.
Protect against identity theft. Close or freeze any accounts, including credit cards, in the deceased’s name as soon as possible. Pay any outstanding bills, notify credit reporting agencies of the death, and cancel their driver’s license. If a vehicle is titled in your loved one’s name, you’ll need to transfer the title.
Review your sources of income and expenses. It can be very helpful to create a budget if you don’t have one. Use our budget sheet and access online tools through your bank or credit union, or use sites like mint.com.
Get professional assistance. You may need to contact an estate attorney, financial consultant, tax specialist, and/or insurance agent for help with various financial and legal matters that need to be resolved, including any death benefits you may be entitled to.
If your spouse had a retirement account at Member Benefits
- Contact us about any 403(b) or IRA accounts at 1-800-279-4030.
- You may choose to keep the account here; you’re not required to move it out.
- We will help you understand your investment options, learn about required minimum distributions, review fees, and update your
In the month to follow…
If your loved one had any memberships, subscriptions, or auto-renewals on their bank account, now is a good time to follow up.
Follow up with credit reporting agencies to make sure no fraudulent accounts have been opened in your loved one’s name.
Update your information on personal accounts and property. Make sure your beneficiaries are up to date on your retirement accounts as well.
Look into e-mail and other online accounts that your loved one had open. Different platforms have their own options and policies about terminating accounts. Some, like Facebook and Instagram, can be memorialized if you so choose.
Seek financial guidance after things have settled a bit. As a public school employee, you have us. Member Benefits has several financial planning services available, whether you’re early in your career, in the middle, or nearing retirement—or whether you are a family member of a school employee.
We’re always here to help you start planning your financial future and answer any questions you may have. Don’t worry if you feel overwhelmed…we’ll help guide you no matter how financially savvy you may be.
One more important point—in the first weeks and months following your loss, put a hold on making any major financial decisions. This is an emotional and vulnerable time. You’ll need some time to grieve and process the situation before you decide on selling a house, making changes to assets, etc. Don’t loan or gift money to family or friends without having a good handle on what your financial future will be. You may also be contacted by sales people trying to talk you into buying financial products and services…and they may not have your best interest in mind.
Don’t let anyone pressure you into anything. Wait until you’ve had some time to grieve and things have settled down so you can get some clarity before making any changes.
If you can, plan ahead
Things usually go more smoothly during this time if you plan ahead with your family members before anything happens. It may not be easy, but opening up a dialogue with your adult children and other involved relatives, as well as your executor or trustee, is important so that everyone involved understands each other’s wishes and needs.
Keep in mind that while everyone can express an opinion, don’t feel pressured—ultimately, each person needs to make their own decisions about their final wishes.
WEA Member Benefits
- 1-800-269-4030 Retirement
- 1-800-279-4030 Insurance
Free eBook with checklist: What to do when you lose a loved one
This article is for informational purposes only and is not intended to constitute legal, financial, or tax advice. Certain recommendations or guidelines may not be appropriate for everyone. Consult your personal advisor or attorney for advice specific to your unique circumstances before taking action.